The 2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT – Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición) explored the status of several chronic diseases in Mexico. Among them, diabetes cases in the Mexican population over 20 years old.
It was found that diabetes prevalence in the country went from 9.2% in 2012 to 9.4% in 2016, based on a previous diagnosis of the disease. On this population:
- Women have a higher diabetes rate (10.3%) than men (8.4%). This trend is observed in urban (10.5% in women and 8.2% in men) as well as rural areas (9.5% in women, 8.9% in men).
- Higher diabetes prevalence is observed among men aged 60 to 69 years old (27.7%) and women on the same age range (32.7%) and 70 to 79 years old (29.8%).
From the adults that reported a previous diabetes diagnosis, it was found that:
- 7% of adults with diabetes receive treatment to control the disease, which slightly increased from 85% in 2012.
- Insulin use as treatment increased from 6.5% in 2012 to 11.1% in 2016, as well as the joint use of insulin and pills (from 6.6% in 2012 to 8.8% in 2016).
- Only 2 out of 10 adults with diabetes underwent a feet examination during the last year (20.9%), this is, 21.1% of women and 20.5% of men.
- HbA1c (glycated hemoglobin) test, which provides information on glucose control in the past 3 months, was performed on 15.2% of the patients (12.1% of men and 17.5% of women) in the previous year.
- Most common reported complications were: impaired vision (54.5%), retinal damage (11.2%), sight loss (9.9%) and ulcers (9.1%) in one out of 10 people with diabetes. Amputations were observed in 5.5% of the patients.
- Additional complications included burning, pain, or loss of sensation on the soles of the feet in 4 out of 10 patients (41.2%), while 2 out of 10 are not able to walk more than 6 minutes without fatigue (20.4%)
- Last, 46.4% of adults with diabetes do not perform any preventive measure to delay or avoid complications.
Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública. Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición de Medio Camino 2016 Informe Final de Resultados. Available from: http://oment.uanl.mx/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/ensanut_mc_2016-310oct.pdf