Mexico is going through an epidemiologic transition, in which noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have become the main morbidity and mortality factors. Overweight, obesity and diabetes are the most prevalent NCDs in the country. Its origin is multifactorial, so it requires public, private, social and individual engagement, in order to successfully overcome this health problem.
In the framework of 2013 World Health Day, Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto ordered the implementation of the National Strategy for Overweight, Obesity and Diabetes Prevention and Control (known in Spanish as ENPCSOD), as a national, intersectorial policy, taking into account the social determinants of noncommunicable diseases. This strategy was issued on October 31st, 2013.
The National Strategy established the design and operation of a Health Epidemiological Observatory. It would further be named the Mexican Observatory on Noncommunicable Diseases (OMENT), with the purpose of monitoring and assessing the impact of the actions of the National Strategy, including the participation of public, private and social sectors. This is made through data collection and analysis, with a subsequent results presentation, focused on those responsible for public health policy design and implementation, health professionals, scientific community, and general public.
On September 24th 2014, in order to formally establish OMENT, the OMENT’s Advisory Board was published on the Official Gazette of the Federation. OMENT’s Advisory Board will support the monitoring and impact assessment of public policies implemented by the Strategy.
On October 31st, at the official presentation of the Advisory Board, the Autonomous University of Nuevo Leon (UANL) was assigned with OMENT’s management, by means of a General Collaboration Agreement. Moreover, UANL was entrusted with the administration of OMENT’s Technology Platform, by collecting relevant data and publishing the evaluation results. The selection of an external academic institution allows the integration of interdisciplinary groups, including academic, social, private and government authorities, through guidelines and specific actions.
Finally, on August 25th 2015, the Mexican Observatory on Noncommunicable Diseases, was officially launched, at the Main Hall of the UANL Culture Center.